Cast into Hell: Gehenna in Luke’s Gospel

It feels misleading to have a title like “Gehenna in Luke’s Gospel,” which gives the impression that I’m going to look at all the instances where Luke uses the word γέεννα (gehenna). Strictly speaking this is true, but Luke only uses the word once. When he does, he paints a grim but illuminating picture of […]

throwing away the old tent


Like we did so many times before, my wife and I packed up our cheap, five dollar tent in my expensive backpack, and headed out for a day of tramping and camping. Our favourite place to do this is the Appalachian Trail, over 3,500 kilometres of amazing wilderness, from Springer Mountain in Georgia to Mount […]

Spirit in the Old Testament

Breath of Life : girl blowing on dandelions

{An extract from Chapter 4 Spirit, from  A Biblical Anthropology by Michael Bieleski.} The nature of the relationship between the body and the soul does not seem to suggest the idea that man possesses an immortal component that survives death. Body and soul can be destroyed together and there was no sense that Jesus expected this destruction […]

Soul in the New Testament

Charon (Greek) who guides dead souls to the Underworld. 4th century BC. from

{An extract from Chapter 3 Soul, from  A Biblical Anthropology by Michael Bieleski.} Soul in the New Testament In the New Testament the word “soul” is sometimes used to translate the Greek word psuche. However, psuche is also translated by other words as well. For example, it is translated about forty times1)  in the New Testament […]

tomorrow – fallen | Revelation 18:2

Revelation 18:2

“Fallen, fallen is Babylon the Great…” (Revelation 18:2).  Tomorrow will be a day of revelation of all who falsely claim to be saved. The great hypocritical establishment which has oppressed and repressed the true church will finally be exposed and laid waste. Prophecy from God invites us to travel into the future, and to discover […]

What if we taught John 3:16?

John 3 16

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” ((John 3:16 KJV.)) We evangelicals love to quote John 3:16. We call it “the poster-child verse of the entire Bible.”1  We think of it as “the gospel in a nutshell,”2 “the Bible in […]

blaspheming heaven | Revelation 13:6


Some believers in Christ suggest that dying and going to heaven is not the destiny of the saved. Instead, we encourage believers to rethink heaven. We think that the destiny of believers is to remain on earth until heaven – that is, the Lord himself – comes here. We see evidence in scripture that the […]



  “…his Bride has made herself ready…” (Rev. 19:7). Tomorrow will be a day of glorification for the saved. Our response to God’s grace will enable us to take our place as Christ’s eternal bride. We need to live ready for the return of Christ.     The more we learn about our future as […]

Destroyed from God’s Presence

St Paul’s description of the judgement of God in 2 Thessalonians 1:9 is another biblical reason to give up the traditional view of divine judgement and the eternal torments of hell. Back in 2007 my article “Fallacies in the Annihilationism Debate” was published in JETS (The Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society). To be honest, […]

to die is gain


The apostle Paul told the Philippians that, to him, “to live is Christ, and to die is gain.”1 It is quite clear to the reader that if Paul keeps on living, he will keep on serving Christ. Thus, “to live is Christ” must have been a reference to his intention to do just that. But […]