An Overview of Final Punishment in Matthew’s Gospel

matthew and eternal punishment

by James D. Gallé Saturday, 25 January 2014 When arguing for their perspective of final punishment in Matthew, advocates of the conventional view of endless conscious torment (ECT) will typically argue in the following manner:  Matthew 25:41,46 teaches the endless conscious torment of the finally unrepentant.  Therefore, Matthew 10:28 cannot teach annihilationism. What if we […]

coaching for the mission in Jewish Galilee | the harvest is plentiful

Harvest

The prophet Isaiah had predicted that the northern territories, once the possession of the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali, would have a special place in God’s messianic plan. This land of Galilee, so surrounded by Gentiles and Samaritans that it was called “Galilee of the nations” would be the first to see the Messiah.1 In their […]

eternally

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The ancient Greeks had ten ways of describing a process that goes on perpetually without end: They could use the adverb aei, meaning ever, or always. They could use the prefix aien, meaning the same idea when attached to a word describing a process, like aienaoidos, which means ever-singing, or aienaos, which means ever-flowing. They […]

Beasts and Superbeasts Feel the Heat | The Problem of Eternal Conscious Punishment

The conditionalist view

(Presented by Dr. David Richmond at the CIANZ 2013 conference on the 11th May) The title of this lecture: Beasts and Superbeasts is a play on the name of a 1914 book by Saki, a pseudonym for Howard Henry Munro.  This book of short stories was one of the late Rev. John Stott’s favourite pieces […]

only two destinies

two destinies

  There are a number of views on the afterlife that are held by different groups.  Conditionalists believe that there are only two eternal destinies: life or death. The saved will be rewarded with permanent life, while the lost will suffer permanent death. In this chapter of my book An Advent Christian Systematic Theology, I […]

which assembly?

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Zephaniah 3:1-8 Nation after nation were destroyed by God’s judgment, yet the peoples continued to walk in corruption, never fearing his great wrath.  Therefore he made a decision.  He will gather all the nations and assemble all the kingdoms for one great day of judgment.  On that day he will pour out his anger, and […]

perhaps you may be hidden

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Zephaniah 1:1-2:3 Zephaniah’s message from the LORD is that things will not continue as they are forever.  His people had gotten so deeply set in their ways that they thought idolatry and corruption was something that God could do nothing about.  They were wrong.  God had a judgment planned that would cut off (destroy completely) […]

Judas’ eternal sin | Christian Beliefs of hell

Judas’ eternal sin | Christian Beliefs of hell

The three major views on final punishment of the wicked can be outlined like this: 1. traditionalism: God will justly punish unbelievers with an unending process of perpetual torment. 2. universalism: God will justly punish unbelievers for their personal sins, and eventually restore them to his favour. 3. conditionalism: God will justly punish unbelievers for […]

The Gift of Life Seminar: Romans 6:23 There are two permanent destinies | aionios meaning

hell is permanent

Romans 6:23 There are two permanent destinies Jefferson Vann has written about aionios here Hell is Permanent : aionios meaning Annihilationists are not guilty of redefining the term eternal. In Matthew 25:46 the term eternal is used twice. In both cases the term modifies an event in such a way as to draw attention to its finality, and so aionios should thus […]

Is Hell Eternal Torment ?

hell is permanent

5 Questions Advocates of the Conventional View of Final Punishment Must Answer. What follows below are five questions that I believe advocates of the conventional view of final punishment as everlasting conscious torment need to seriously address before any headway can be made in the “traditionalist”-annihilationist dialogue:  What is the ultimate penalty or end result […]