wrong about hell

gift of life

In this audio file, I respond to those who assert that conditionalists are wrong about hell.     Related posts: the purpose of hell CIANZ Conference 2015: LIVING WELL as a conditionalist Questions and Answers about Immortality Jefferson Vann Erasing Hell: Podcast at Rethinking Hell with Dr. Preston

the purpose of hell

gift of life

In this audio file, I discuss what the final punishment is for, and what it is not for.           The purpose of hell I’m a little bit older now, and I’m glad for it. I enjoyed raising my three daughters, but I wouldn’t want to do it again. I am glad some […]

God’s mouse

gift of life

In this audio file, I tell a funny story, and talk about a subject that is not funny: God’s wrath.           God’s mouse It’s a story I heard many times while a missionary in the Philippines. It goes like this: There was a visiting preacher who did not understand the Cebuano […]


gift of life

In this audio file I compare three views of hell, and talk about the meaning of the Greek adjective aionios.       Everlasting There are basically three views of final punishment debated among Christians. Two groups believe that God has created everyone with immortal souls. One group believes that in hell, God will keep […]

Up in smoke

rich man and lazarus

Isaiah 34:6-11 v6 Yahveh has a bloody sword; it is blood filled. It is covered with bloody fat from lambs and goats, from fat of rams’ kidneys, because Yahveh has a sacrifice planned for Bozrah and a huge slaughter planned for the land of Edom. v7 And wild oxen will go down with them, and steers […]

Classical theology and conditional immortality

In Christian discussions about human nature and destiny, conditional immortality is still regarded by some people as a view without a home in historic Christian thought. They might expect us to appeal to emotion or to our sense of fairness and love, but they might not expect us to provide a robust biblical case, and […]

Hell is an apologetics concern

This is a talk that I had the pleasure of giving to Reasonable Faith in Los Angeles in July 2014. I’m grateful to my host Chris Sandoval, and especially to the generous folks at the Conditional Immortality Association here in New Zealand who got me there. In short. The traditional doctrine of hell is a real concern […]



  “…his Bride has made herself ready…” (Rev. 19:7). Tomorrow will be a day of glorification for the saved. Our response to God’s grace will enable us to take our place as Christ’s eternal bride. We need to live ready for the return of Christ.     The more we learn about our future as […]



“…gather for the great supper of God…” (Rev. 19:17). Tomorrow will be a day of complete devastation for the unsaved. The fury of God’s wrath will destroy and consume all his enemies. Fire will be the means of that destruction. God’s word gives us so much insight into our future. But there is a temptation […]

An Overview of Final Punishment in Matthew’s Gospel

matthew and eternal punishment

by James D. Gallé Saturday, 25 January 2014 When arguing for their perspective of final punishment in Matthew, advocates of the conventional view of endless conscious torment (ECT) will typically argue in the following manner:  Matthew 25:41,46 teaches the endless conscious torment of the finally unrepentant.  Therefore, Matthew 10:28 cannot teach annihilationism. What if we […]