History of Hell | Hell before Augustine

Imagine if somebody said, “No Christian leaders taught the doctrine of eternal torment prior to Augustine.” That sounds like a pretty bold statement, right? No teachers taught what is now the traditional view of hell back then? None? And yet, it’s no more bold or over-the-top than many of the claims some theologians make in […]

History of Hell | Justin Martyr, God’s Philosopher – Part 3

What the early church really believed about the immortality of the soul, “hellfire” and its relevance to today, from the life of Justin Martyr — An address delivered to the CIANZ Annual Conference, May 2009. Loose Lips? Justin speaks in various ways of the evildoers’ “punishment in eternal fire” and of “eternal punishment”.1  He says […]

History of Hell | Justin Martyr, God’s Philosopher – Part 2

History of Hell : Life and Immortality in Justin In his expectation of life and immortality in the age to come Justin is likewise consistent with a Conditionalist view. In his First Apology, he argues that “if men by their works show themselves worthy of this His design, they are deemed worthy, and so we […]

History of Hell | Justin Martyr, God’s Philosopher — Part 1

The History of Hell: What the early church really believed about the immortality of the soul, “hellfire” and its relevance to today, from the life of Justin Martyr. Who Was Justin Martyr? Justin (AD 110-165) came from a Greek-speaking Gentile family living in Flavia Neapolis, Biblical Shechem, in Samaria1 . This was near Jacob’s Well […]

Justin Martyr, God’s Philosopher | Audio

Justin Martyr Part 1 Justin Martyr Part 2 Justin Martyr Part 3 Related posts: History of Hell | Hell before Augustine History of Hell | Justin Martyr, God’s Philosopher – Part 3 History of Hell | Justin Martyr, God’s Philosopher – Part 2 History of Hell | Justin Martyr, God’s Philosopher — Part 1 Athanasius, […]

Athanasius, Atonement and Annihilation

Athanasius sets out his work on the incarnation in several thematic sections. He starts out talking about the state of humanity as God created it. He then moves on to talking about what happened as a result of the fall, and then about why and how God remedied this situation. He then moves on to […]