In “the resurrection is Jesus” Jefferson Vann unpacks the significance of Jesus’ statement in John 11:25-26.
John 11:25 Jesus said to her, “I am that resurrection and that life. The one trusting in me, even if he dies, will live again.
John 11:26 “Everyone who is living and trusting in me will certainly not die permanently. Do you believe this? ”
By his eleventh chapter, John had developed a consistent theme of life only in Christ in his Gospel. He wrote that Jesus had life in him, and his life was the light of men. He wrote that Jesus was lifted up on the cross so that people could trust in him, and have permanent life. Those outside of Jesus will not see that permanent life; they will experience God’s permanent wrath. But Jesus offers a life like a permanent well that can spring up inside and never go dry. He proves that he is his Father’s Son by doing only what the Father can do: raising dead people back to life. He offers to give us food that will last – himself. Those who want to experience this future resurrection life must trust Christ during this mortal life. Trusting Christ during this mortal life is following his light, living our new life from above. It is life in excess – not a mere additional quality of life, but a life anticipating more than this first life could offer.
a missed funeral
In that context, John includes a conversation Jesus had with Martha about her dead brother, Lazarus. Lazarus had died, and Jesus did not make it for the funeral. Once Martha learned that Jesus was coming, she went to meet him, while Mary remained seated in the house.1 The last we had heard of these two women, Jesus had instructed Martha that Mary had made the better choice by remaining seated at his feet and listening to his teaching.2 Now, perhaps Martha has made the better choice. She is running to Jesus in her hour of grief.
The first words to come out of Martha’s mouth were “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.”3 That was probably true. There must have been a reason that Jesus had deliberately delayed going to Bethany once he was told of Lazarus’ illness. He knew that it was God’s plan that his friend succumb to that illness. It would have been torture for him to watch that happen, particularly since he has the power to stop it.
I cannot resist saying that I have often felt like Martha felt. I have wept at the passing of many relatives and friends, and have often been overcome by the irony that at the core of my hope is a Saviour who can raise the dead. Resurrection, for me, is more than an appendix added on to my foundational beliefs. Like Paul, everything that I might endure in this life is “that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, that by any means possible I may attain the resurrection from the dead.”4 To me, a relationship with Jesus, and the resurrection hope that emerges from that relationship are one and the same.
The early Christians annoyed the Jerusalem rulers because they shared and preached the same hope. They spent their time “proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection from the dead.”5 In fact, sometimes their pagan listeners misunderstood them and thought they were preaching about two deities: Jesus and Resurrection.6
It is amazing how easy it is for people – even Christians – to go through their entire grieving process today, scarcely thinking about the resurrection. What a shame that this is not the hope the church has championed. The resurrection – not the ascension — makes sense of Jesus’ death. The hope of resurrection at the second coming makes sense of our own deaths.
Martha, reeling from the reality of her loss, saw in Jesus the epitome of that hope. She confidently affirmed of Jesus that “even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.”7 She was inviting Jesus to raise her brother from the dead. She had every confidence that Jesus could not only have prevented her brother’s death, but that even now – four days too late – he could raise him to life.
Lots of people seem to be able to produce within themselves a decent “in this life” hope. They surround themselves with positive words and music, keep making positive confessions, and avoid negative vibes like the plague. But, once the last breath in their loved one is expired, that is it. The apostle Paul says that Christians are not to be like that. He argued that if “in this life only we have hoped in Christ, we are of all people most to be pitied.”8 If our hope ends at graveside, it is a lie.
Martha’s hope was not dampened by the fact that her brother’s corpse had already begun to rot. She believed that nothing was impossible with God. She believed that Jesus’ power was not limited by her brother’s death. She did not lie to herself. She knew her brother was dead. He was not floating in the clouds, or off somewhere nice, playing a harp. He was stone-cold, graveyard dead. But Jesus could – and can – change that.
Jesus responded to Martha’s declaration of faith by simply saying “Your brother will rise again.” Forgive me for taking that promise out of its context, but I first choose to apply it to myself. I have two brothers, and both of them have fallen asleep in Jesus. When I read those words, my thoughts go to them. I can hear my Saviour assuring me that their deaths, although tragic, are not permanent. I want to share these words to console others, like myself, who are facing the ugly reality of the separation death brings. God’s word to us is that our brothers, sisters, spouses, parents, and friends and co-workers who have died are not forgotten. They have fallen, but they will rise again.
But, back to Bethany. Jesus was speaking to Martha, who had just “lost” her brother. He assured Martha that Lazarus himself will rise again. He did not say that Lazarus might rise again. He did not say that he wished Lazarus to rise again. He did not say that Lazarus had already risen again. Hope for Lazarus (and for grieving Martha) lay in the certainty of a future resurrection.
The volley continues as Martha assures Jesus that she agrees with that hope. She told Jesus “Yes,” …, he will rise when everyone else rises, at the last day.”9 That statement is both true and false. Lazarus lived in the first century A.D., and is most certainly dead today. He is among those who will hear the voice of Jesus and come out of their tombs at the last trump on the last day.10 That makes Martha’s statement true.
But what Martha did not know was that Jesus was prepared to respond to her invitation to raise her brother that day. She had professed a confidence that Jesus could ask the father to raise Lazarus from death, and that the Father would comply with that request. What Jesus was actually telling Martha was not that Lazarus would “some day” rise, but that he would “this day” rise. So, what Martha meant by her reply was incorrect. She would not have to wait for resurrection day to see her brother’s resurrection.
Alright, I have to confess that I was taking Jesus’ promise out of its context when I insist on applying it to my brothers, Gary and Timmy Vann. Jesus was speaking to Martha. His promise applied to her brother, Lazarus. My real consolation is not that Jesus promised me that my brothers will come to life again. My real consolation is found in what Jesus said next:
“Jesus said to her, “I am that resurrection and that life. The one trusting in me, even if he dies, will live again.”11
Our hope is in Jesus and who Jesus is. There will be a resurrection on the last day, and Jesus was inviting Martha to go forward in time and (in something like a vision) witness that glorious event. The wording he uses paints a picture of resurrection day. Christ, that resurrection and that life, stands with one person in front of him, a representative person whom Jesus calls “the one who has died, believing in me.” Martha (I am sure) pictures this as Lazarus. Jesus tells the fate of Lazarus (and, by extension, all others who die before his return) in one word in Greek: Zésetai (ζήσεται) — “he will live.”
“Everyone who is living and trusting in me will certainly not die permanently.”12
Suddenly, the picture changes. There is another person in the picture. That person is “the one living and believing in me.” I’m sure Martha saw herself. She was “the one still living” and Lazarus was “the one who has died.” The promise of our Lord was that there would be a reunion, and that he (Jesus) would be at the centre of it. This is what Martha wanted. She did not want to hear that Lazarus was in a better place. He was not. She was not interested in any conjecture about his secret survival in the intermediate state (between death and resurrection). Her hope was life in its fullest, shared with her brother whom she missed.
Jesus was sharing a glimpse into that great day when the dead in Christ (like Lazarus) will come to life again. Those who are still living (like Martha) and waiting for them to rise will also be changed. In fact, Jesus promises that they will “never die.” Any believer who is fortunate enough to still be alive when Jesus returns will be a literal referent of this promise. These fortunate ones will be changed from mortal to immortal in an instant. They will never die!
Please note that for both people in the John 11 “vision” the hope Jesus described is his own return. Martha’s theological understanding of the “resurrection on the last day” was spot on. Jesus’ question to her was “do you believe this?” We should ask ourselves the same question today.
Note also how Martha’s reply makes it certain what Jesus was talking about. She said “Yes, Lord; I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.”13 She understood that Jesus was not talking about some nebulous survival of Lazarus’ inner soul. He was talking about his second coming, which would enable Lazarus to live again – body, soul and all.
the rest of the story
We all know the rest of the story. Jesus demonstrated the veracity of his promise to raise all believers by raising Lazarus that day. He overcame the power of the grave and enabled Lazarus to live again.
Of course, Lazarus grew old and died again. He once again became part of that vast throng of believers who await a resurrection, at Christ’s second coming. Only, when Lazarus is raised again, it will be for keeps. Jesus is not the only one who has ever been raised from the dead, but he is the only one whom death no longer has dominion over.14 The others, like Lazarus, were raised to die again. Christ was raised “never to die again.” That is our hope as well.
The life that John speaks of consistently in his Gospel is the future permanent life promised by Jesus at the resurrection. Jesus is that life because he is its source. He is the Resurrection. To say that he offers people new life in a qualitative sense is not untrue. But to speak of eternal life as something different than a resurrected permanent existence is to rewrite Scripture. Whenever the Gospel of John mentions the life that Jesus offers believers, the future resurrection is always in view. To have eternal life today is not to have immortality already. It is to have Jesus’ promise that when he comes, we will live again.
Previous articles in this series:
- Christmas light December 15, 2017
- The desert snake January 5, 2018
- having life, or awaiting wrath January 23, 2018
- Spring up, Oh Well February 8, 2018
- The dead will hear, and come out February 13, 2018
- sustenance and sacrifice March 13, 2018
- tripping over words November 29, 2018
- life from above January 31, 2019
- excess life February 13, 2019
- John 11:20.
- Luke 10:38-42.
- John 11:21 ESV.
- Philippians 3:10-11 ESV.
- Acts 4:2.
- Acts 17:18.
- John 11:22 ESV.
- 1 Corinthians 15:19 ESV.
- John 11:24 NLT.
- John 5:28-29; 1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16.
- John 11:25
- John 11:26
- John 11:27 ESV.
- Romans 6:9.